Earth Day is celebrated on April 22, and we want to share some ways you can enjoy and protect the planet this year. Below is a list of just a few places where you can get involved, spend some time outside, and enjoy the nature around you throughout the Chicago area.
Join the Environmental Law and Policy Center, Friends of the Chicago River, Illinois Environmental Council, Alliance for the Great Lakes, Openlands, and many more for a rally in support of some basic common sense ideas like climate action, clean energy, and protecting clean air. Learn more.
Saturday, April 22
On Earth Day, head downtown for the March for Science. Show your support for the scientific community, for government-funded research, for science-based decision making in public policy, and for curiosity and exploration, the very basis of science. Learn more.
Residents in Lake County can head to the Chicago Botanic Garden to hear an expert panel discuss global climate change, which is being hosted by Congressman Brad Schneider (IL-10). Learn more.
Friends of the Parks is organizing their 28th Annual Earth Day Parks and Preserves Clean-Up. All morning long, volunteers will be out caring for the parks and green spaces of Chicago. Learn more.
Forest Preserves of Cook County will host a series of Earth Day events including special celebrations, bird hikes at LaBagh Woods and Sagawau Environmental Learning Center, canoe trips, volunteer restoration projects, and more. Check out their full list.
DuPage Forest Preserves are hosting several history hikes, site tours, and restoration workdays at Churchill Woods, West Chicago Prairie, and Mayslake. See the full list.
Lake County Forest Preserve District is also hosting an Earth Day celebration at Ryerson Woods in the afternoon, following a restoration workday at that site in the morning. Learn more.
Sunday, April 23
Join My Block, My Hood, My City for their One Block at a Time celebration of Earth Day. MBMHMC will be partnering with Chicago FarmWorks to prepare for a spring planting. Chicago FarmWorks is a 2.6 acre urban farm located in Chicago’s East Garfield Park that donates over 10,000 pounds of produce to Chicago food banks. Sign up to help.
Similarly, Advocates for Urban Argiculture maintain a calendar of community gardens events in Chicago, and they have multiple ways to get involved all weekend long. View their calendar.
Saturday, April 29
On the following Saturday, you can lend your voice for the planet once again at the People’s Climate March. Join climate activists in Chicago and across the country to stand up for our communities, climate action, and a healthy planet. Learn more.
Be sure to share your Earth Day with us! If you’re on Instagram, tag your photos from Earth Day with #DiscoverYourPlace to share your day with the Openlands community.
Just under an hour and a half from the Chicago Loop lies Glacial Park, encompassing 3,400 acres of restored open space including prairie, wetlands, oak savanna, and delta kames. Over 400 of these acres are dedicated nature preserve and home to 40 state-endangered and threatened plant and animal species. Additionally, Glacial Park is ranked as one of the top five locations in the region to view migratory birds.
The Nippersink Creek also runs through Glacial Park, providing excellent opportunities for both fishing and paddling. As McHenry County Conservation District’s most popular land holding, Glacial Park attracts over 64,000 annual visitors. Visitors can enjoy a wide range of activities from horseback riding to outdoor concerts near the visitor center.
Currently, Glacial Park is the best way to experience Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge. Hackmatack was designated as a refuge by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2012 and will span over 11,200 acres once complete. Hackmatack will be built around existing conservation lands such as Glacial Park. This park is a prime example of the habitat and wildlife Hackmatack aims to protect.
Glacial Park is located at the intersection of Route 31 and Harts Road, in Ringwood. The Lost Valley Nature Center is the entryway to the rest of the park and trail system. Park hours are daily from 8am-4:30pm.
What can you do at Glacial Park?
Lost Valley Visitor Center: The visitor center offers both self guided tours of the exhibits and staff led programming. Snow shoe rentals are available during winter months if weather permits. Interpretive trail guides and family exploration packs are also available.
Birding: Glacial Park is listed as one of the top five spots to view migratory birds in the region. Various species can be found throughout the park, but the wetlands and Nippersink Creek are likely spots to find migratory waterfowl.
Trails: Glacial Park contains over 8 miles of trails for hiking, horseback riding, cross-country skiing, and snow snowmobiling, visitors have plenty of space to explore. By downloading the Glacial Park hiking app, visitors can follow a two mile long interpretive nature trail loop touching on one of four topics: “Plant Communities”, “Wildlife”, “History of the Land”, and “Geology”. A segment of the 26 mile long Prairie Trail runs along the park’s eastern boundary, allowing bicyclists to travel from one side of the county to the other. A map to all trails in Glacial Park can be found here.
Canoeing and Kayaking: The Nippersink Creek offers calm and clear waters with scenic views of the park throughout. Pull in at Keystone Road Landing or Pioneer Road Landing to enjoy the sights!
Fishing: Key fishing spots along the shore of Nippersink Creek are Keystone Road Landing and Pioneer Road Landing. The creek is filled with bass, bluegill, channel catfish, walleye, carp, and many more.
Powers-Walker House: The historically significant house located near the visitor center was built in 1854 in the Greek Revival-style. Special events and programs are held here throughout the year including the Ice Cream Social of 1858, Archaeological Awareness, Harvest Gathering of 1858, and more.
Make a Day or Weekend of It
Grand Illinois Trail: This is a 500-mile trail that was created to connect already existing trails in Northern Illinois. This trail roughly connects with Glacial Park and directions for trail segments can be found here.
Volo Bog: The only quaking bog in Illinois is just a 15 minute drive from Glacial Park. Today the preserve contains over 1,100 acres of diverse habitat.
Boone Creek Conservation Area: This area offers 2-miles of hiking trails and 1.3-miles of horseback riding trails along with scenic picnic spots. More information and directions here.
Moraine Hills State Park: This state park contains over 2,200 acres primarily composed of wetlands and lakes. The park is home to over 200 species of birds making it a birding paradise. Directions can be found here.
Wonder Lake: Wonder Lake is a 17-acre lake located in Marinette County, Wisconsin, offering fishermen a great spot with species such as largemouth bass.
Fox Lake and Fox River: located just 50 miles northwest of Chicago, Fox River is a 202-mile long tributary of the Illinois River that feeds into the Fox Chain O’Lakes, and a perfect spot for fishing, boating, swimming, and picnicking.
Lake Geneva and Big Foot Beach: Big Foot Beach is just 25 minutes from Glacial Park across the Wisconsin border. Both are great overnight option for camping, hiking, swimming, boating, and more!
Richmond and Woodstock: Both of these towns are located in McHenry County and offer overnight accommodations. Richmond is just a seven minute drive from Glacial Park, while Woodstock is 25 minutes.
Discover! Learn about the different ecosystems and wildlife found in Glacial Park while enjoying the miles of trails and visitor center programming. If you’re a photographer or just an avid Instagramer, bring your camera or phone and share what you find at Glacial Park! Tag your Instagram posts with #DiscoverYourPlace to be featured on our stream and please share with us the highlights from your adventure.
The heart of an international region home to more than 50 million people is water. Beyond providing the basic necessity for life, the Great Lakes have shaped the geology, climate, economy, culture, and people of their surrounding region, and they are more than a point of pride for those residents. Plainly visible from outer space and an enduring reminder of the last Ice Age, the Great Lakes are the largest surface source of freshwater in the world.
But the Great Lakes are more than just five bodies of water: they’re the land and wildlife that surround the lakes, as well as the people and communities that depend on them. They provide drinking water to 10% of Americans, they support economies, transportation, and agriculture, and they have been declared a national treasure by Congress. These are our Great Lakes, they belong to everyone, and they are vital.
Each of us has our own impression of the Great Lakes, yet uniting those views is a common appreciation for these natural treasures.
The Great Lakes shelter more than 90,000 square miles of aquatic habitats, and they are surrounded by more than 200,000 square miles of terrain ranging from cities and towns to wetlands, forests, and farmland. The networks of parks, open spaces, beaches, and conservation areas offer home to hundreds of wildlife species, as well as numerous opportunities for people to experience the lakes. Restoring the natural landscapes of the region, such as the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore and Illinois Beach State Park, offers a home to many species of concern while providing unparalleled opportunities for visitors to experience the region’s nature. Even small green spaces like Chicago’s Montrose Point can provide a natural retreat for both people and wildlife.
But the lakes are also the economic engine of the Midwest. They offer routes of transportation which support the regional economy, they provide clean drinking water, they support recreation and tourism, and they sustain the region’s agriculture. Over 1.5 million jobs are tied to the Great Lakes providing $60 million in wages. Outdoor recreation opportunities, such as paddling, fishing, wildlife viewing, and miles of trails, contribute billions to the US economy – recreational fishing alone accounts for over $4 billion.
Collaborating on Restoration
It is not without substantial collaboration that the Great Lakes can endure as a natural and national treasure. The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, signed in 1972, was a major international step towards protection and conservation. The Great Lakes Compact signed in 2008 took another stride to preserving the water quality and ecological health of the region.
In 2010, the US Federal Government launched the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI), the most comprehensive proposal to protect and restore the lakes to date. The GLRI aims to limit toxic pollution, such as mercury and PCBs, from entering drinking water sources and habitat for wildlife. It focuses on reducing runoff from developed areas and industrial sites while restoring the natural landscapes that surround the lakes, and the initiative aims to prevent invasive plant and animal species from threatening the region’s biodiversity. With support from the GLRI, Openlands has planted over 2,500 trees in the Chicago area over the last four years.
To date the GLRI has invested $2.2 billion in restoration projects, and a Brookings Institution study found that every dollar invested in Great Lakes restoration yields a two dollar return. Ten federal agencies have coordinated efforts for the GLRI including the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the Department of Agriculture. Taken together, this level of coordination demonstrates not just the breadth of areas impacted by the lakes, but also the level of commitment required to preserve the Great Lakes.
For more than 50 years, Openlands has been an advocate of the Great Lakes and we have led many regional initiatives to advance Great Lakes restoration. We assisted in the establishment of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore (1965) and played a critical role in dedicating theIllinois & Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor (1984). Openlands provided leadership to the Steering Committee of Millennium Reserve and has helped implement numerous regional plans for Lake Michigan. Additionally, the Lake Michigan Federation (now Alliance for the Great Lakes) and Friends of the Chicago River were both founded as projects of Openlands.
Our commitment to the Great Lakes extends to our on-the-ground efforts to improve the health of Lake Michigan. We have restored theOpenlands Lakeshore Preserve, a mile of lakefront natural areas and unique ecosystems in Highland Park which feeds into to the Lake Michigan watershed. Our urban forestry and regional planning programs, such asSpace to Grow, look to control stormwater pollution to Lake Michigan and better manage Chicago’s water resources. Yet people are the core of Openlands, so we ensureaccess to an open lakefront, and facilitate ways to connect students to the lake throughEco-ExplorationsandBirds in my Neighborhood®.
These are our Great Lakes, and they ask no less than a full commitment to their protection. Whether at Indiana Dunes, Montrose Point, the Openlands Lakeshore Preserve, or any of the 10,500 miles of Great Lakes coastline, connections to nature inspire greater appreciation for our natural treasures. Openlands will continue to protect and restore the Great Lakes, and ensure they continue to belong to everyone.
It will come as no surprise that residents of the Chicago region all too often experience nature in fragments – at their local park, in a community garden, with a migrating sandhill crane passing overhead. But when we have space to run wild, and when nature has room to demonstrate a mighty vastness, it only takes a few moments before it speaks to us in a primeval and wordless language.
On the doorstep of Chicago, we have such a place inHackmatack National Wildlife Refuge. The 11,000 acres of Hackmatack will soon offer the chance to explore and appreciate nature’s majesty on a whole new level. Here, we’ll be able to share our favorite activities with our families, kids will learn about and understand the value of nature, and this will be a place we can all fill with memories which will endure for lifetimes. All of this will be possible because this land is public, it belongs to all of us. Cuts to federal programs like the National Wildlife Refuge System, however, will rob the public access of to the outdoors, harm local economies, and eliminate support for wildlife.
“I am glad I shall never be young without wild country to be young in.”
-Aldo Leopold, A Sand County Almanac
Wide Open Spaces
In 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt established the National Wildlife Refuge System, which has since grown into a system of over 560 conservation sites, today encompassing more than 150,000,000 acres of public land. The primary goal of the Refuge System is to protect and enhance habitat for wildlife, while providing public benefit, such as educational resources, recreation opportunities, and support for local economies.
Hackmatack, formally established in 2012, is the first such refuge within 100 miles of Chicago, making it accessible to the 12 million people who live within an hour’s drive of the refuge. As an urban wildlife refuge, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service aims to offer access and resources to America’s increasingly diverse population.
Outdoor recreation is estimated to contribute $646 billion to the U.S. economy every year, and the refuge is at the heart of that opportunity. In Hackmatack and its adjoining areas, runners and hikers will be able to explore miles of trails winding through sun-dappled burr oak savannas and prairies teeming with wildflowers. Cyclists can pause beneath its massive skies as they travel along theGrand Illinois Trail. Birders will be able to comb native grasslands for Dickcissels or restored wetlands for migrating Whooping Cranes. Fishermen and sportsmen can wade through some of the highest-quality headwater streams in the region. Kayakers and paddle boarders can slip slowly down the Nippersink Creek as it meanders through open fields, lush woodlands, and verdant flowerbeds. And photographers will be able to capture a unique landscape of glacier-carved ridges adorned with valleys of wildflowers and pierced with pristine streams, all lingering from the last Ice Age.
Public access to open space is the guiding vision for Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge, but the designation in 2012 was just the start of a long journey to build the refuge. We are currently restoring the first acres of Hackmatack, but public-private partnerships and local enthusiasm driving the vision forward.
Secretary of the Interior, Ken Salazar, formally designating Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge.
Volunteers help restore Hackmatack.
For over a decade, Openlands has advocated for protecting Hackmatack as a National Wildlife Refuge.
In March 2012, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service released its environmental assessment for Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge. The assessment recommended a version of the refuge that would link existing state, county, and federal conservation lands with newly acquired land and conservation corridors.
After gaining support from the public, the congressional delegations of both Illinois and Wisconsin, as well as from their respective governors, then-Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar formally declared protected status for the refuge in August 2012.
Today, Openlands and our partners are in the process of developing four core areas in Illinois and Wisconsin that link existing conservation sites and create the necessary scale needed for wildlife to thrive, which translates to thousands of acres of protected wetlands and havens for recovering wildlife populations. While restoration work is concentrated in these cores, we are also working with private partners to link the cores via migratory corridors.
While Openlands is able to acquire new parcels from willing sellers andhelp restore them to be a part of Hackmatack, federal support for the refuge is critical. Federal land protection ensures that important resources are forever available to America’s future generations. It secures drinking water supplies, provides wildlife habitat, creates recreation opportunities, and maintains ecosystems that support agriculture, tourism, and other economic activity. These areas will be protected from pollution and continue supplying clean water to agriculture. These considerations drove the locals’ decision to seek federal protection as a national wildlife refuge.
This is a new approach to conservation and a new way to protect open space on the scale we need for wildlife to thrive. We have to tackle the challenge with our partners acre-by-acre, parcel-by-parcel to protect these places so everyone can share places like Hackmatack.
The open spaces of the American landscape have always been part of our national identity. Hackmatack is a dream built from the bottom up, drawing together the skills and talents of conservation non-profits, local business owners, sportsmen, and private citizens.
Foresight and planning for the Chicago Wilderness Region established many different and superb ways for people to be connected with and inspired by nature. Whether at the local park or forest preserve, or at vast open spaces like Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie and Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge, connections to nature are vital to all people. Chicago is the third largest metropolitan region in the country, but we lack equal access to America’s public lands. Cutting support of the National Wildlife Refuges will rob us of our right to enjoy America’s public lands.
Please note: the following was written by Openlands President and CEO,Jerry Adelmann, who coordinated Openlands’ efforts to establish the nation’s first National Heritage Area along the route of the historic Illinois and Michigan Canal.
Throughout the 20th Century, the Chicago metropolitan region repeatedly distinguished itself as an innovator in the fields of urban planning and open space preservation. The 1909 Plan of Chicago and the subsequent creation of the Forest Preserves of Cook County are both acknowledged as global models of open space planning.
One of these trail-blazing efforts, which Openlands led, was the creation of theIllinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridorin 1984—America’s first Congressionally-designated National Heritage Area (NHA) and the prototype for 48 additional heritage areas that have followed. NHAs tell stories about America’s past, while offering a place to enjoy nature through sightseeing and recreation. However,this innovative and wildly popular program is at risk.
The proposed federal budget will eliminate all funding for National Heritage Areas, programs that seek modest federal contributions, but that achieve dramatic results. Congress offers less than $1 million to local partners who maintain NHAs and ensure they are publicly accessible. Each federal $1 is leveraged by $4-6 in local funds.
NHAs are important to Illinois and one in particular, the I&M Canal Corridor, is important to me.
Photo: Canal Corridor Association (Canal Tourism Boat at LaSalle-Peru)
The Illinois and Michigan Canal: The Waterway that Made Chicago
One cannot overestimate the seminal role the Illinois and Michigan Canal (I&M Canal) played in the founding and early history of Chicago. This pioneering waterway connected Lake Michigan at Chicago with the Illinois River 100 miles to the southwest at LaSalle-Peru. First envisioned by the French explorers Pere Marquette and Louis Jolliet in 1673, the hand-dug waterway provided a critical connecting link between the Atlantic seaboard, the Great Lakes, and the Gulf of Mexico. When the I&M Canal was completed it 1848, it positioned Chicago as a gateway to the West, and as America’s most important inland port and transportation hub.
Newer waterways were established paralleling the I&M, and this historic canal was finally closed for commercial use in 1933. During the years preceding World War II, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) transformed the canal into a park of great natural beauty and unparalleled recreational opportunities in northeastern Illinois. Miles of towpath were converted into hiking and bicycling trails; sections of the canal, its locks, and other related structures were rehabilitated; picnic areas and shelters were constructed along the canal’s banks; and state and local parks were developed on adjacent lands.
After the CCC was dissolved, however, most of the extensive improvements accomplished by this highly successful and popular project fell into disrepair. In the late 1950s, the easternmost section of the canal was used for the construction of the Stevenson Expressway (I-55) and the State of Illinois was preparing to sell off the extension real estate holdings along the canal’s route for private development. As local interest groups along the canal looked to preserve their region’s cultural and ecological legacy, they turned to a newly-formed not-for-profit called Openlands.
Openlands, one of the first conservation organizations in the U.S. to work in a metropolitan area, organized local leaders and grassroots advocates to launch a preservation campaign called “Operation Green-Strip.” These efforts culminated in 1974 with the establishment of the 60-mile Illinois and Michigan Canal State Trail.
Sections of the canal north of Joliet were excluded as they were fragmented with development that precluded a traditional linear park, yet many of these northern communities were some of the greatest supporters for preservation. Advocates kept coming back to Openlands asking for assistance to protect sections of the canal, important remnant natural areas, archeological sites, and other significant open space and cultural assets along the lower DesPlaines River Valley.
It is in the late 1970s when I entered the scene. A sixth-generation resident of Lockport, I realized that the future of the former canal headquarters was very much tied to a broader regional strategy along theroute of the I&M. Collectively the resources of the historic canal towns and adjacent landscapes represented a rich chapter in the history of Illinois and the nation and, if coordinated, could serve as a catalyst to help revitalize this classic rustbelt corridor that was experiencing some of the greatest unemployment in the nation.
Working on a pre-doctoral fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, I became involved in volunteer projects to save some of Lockport’s historic buildings and unique natural areas, including the ecologically-rare Lockport Prairie. The Forest Preserve District of Will County suggested I contact Openlands with my ideas for a regional landscape-scale approach that would include recreational trails, revitalized waterfronts and historic downtowns, and protected natural and cultural treasures throughout the five-county region.
Openlands embraced the concept and provided critical leadership to move this concept towards reality. The Canal Corridor Association was established in 1982 as an independent not-for-profit, and in 1984 President Reagan came to Chicago to sign legislation that created the nation’s first heritage area, launching a national movement.
Enshrining our national heritage
National Heritage Areas combine ecological, cultural, and economic goals, and take a holistic approach to living, working landscapes. The overarching goal is to improve the quality of life for residents and visitors alike. They are “partnership parks” that leverage public and private resources, as well as civic leadership.
The role of the Federal Government is quite limited, but nevertheless crucial: federal designation elevates the significance of these areas as well as the social and cultural histories they represent. Modest funding and technical assistance over the years has supported region-wide coordination with wayfinding and interpretation. Hundreds of millions of private and public dollars have been reinvested in the I&M Canal region since its designation. Tourism and community economic development projects have added countless new jobs to these historic communities.
Positive outcomes like this are seen in the other heritage areas across the nation where modest federal support leverages reinvestment while addressing much need recreational needs and underrepresented aspects of the American experience. The proposed federal budget would eliminate support for all existing NHAs, including the I&M Canal National Heritage Corridor, as well as all future projects, such as two proposed NHAs in the Chicago region, theCalumet National Heritage Areaand theBlack Metropolis National Heritage Area.
Openlands Vice President of Conservation, Emy Brawley, has completed a two-year term as President of the Prairie State Conservation Coalition (PSCC). As of March 3, she steps into the one-year role of immediate past President. Originally joining the PSCC board of directors in 2010, she served both as Treasurer and Vice President before being nominated and elected to serve as President of the Board.
Prairie State Conservation Coalition is the statewide organization founded to serve and strengthen the 35+ conservation land trusts operating in Illinois. Conservation land trusts are local, non-profit organizations that permanently protect land and water resources through land acquisition, conservation easements, and other tools. PSCC works to leverage the power of conservation land trusts and their members into strong statewide policies and practices benefiting land conservation. Collectively, Illinois’ conservation land trusts have protected over 200,000 acres of private land across the state in the past fifty years.
“My goal in supporting PSCC is to increase the amount of protected natural habitat and open space in the state through a strong network of conservation land trusts that have ample capacity, resources, technical skills, and public support,” says Brawley. “People instinctively understand that more open space improves their quality of life and ensures healthier, more sustainable communities for the future.”
Having joined Openlands in 2008, Emy currently oversees the land protection, restoration, stewardship, and greenways programs, develops and executes organizational strategy and regional conservation goals, creates and strengthens strategic partnerships, and originates innovative and complex multiple-party initiatives to protect land and water.
“These days, private land conservation is more important than ever. Governments are stretched thin, and long-term investments in parks and open space are at risk. Conservation land trusts fill a vital role in protecting and restoring land, and in providing opportunities for Illinois’ residents to connect with nature,” says Brawley.
Spring is right around the corner, which means Birds in my Neighborhood® is well under way in 2017. In this fifth year of Birds in my Neighborhood, a partnership between Openlands and Audubon-Great Lakes, we have 35 new volunteers, bringing the total number of active volunteers to over 100!
Over the next several months, each volunteer will visit a group of students in their classroom, with a smile and a few simple questions:
“What do you know about birds?” or “What birds have you seen?”
Students will each research a bird that lives in their community, like a cardinal or a house sparrow. The combination of visiting with volunteers and conducting their own investigation on a particular bird is what really opens students’ eyes to the natural world around them.
The teachers in Birds in my Neighborhood classes always comment about how the students are so enthused about birds after meeting with the volunteers the first time, and often times we hear stories of students noticing birds on their way to and from school, or at their home. To hear one of these stories yourself, listen to Ms. Caponigro, from Peck Elementary in Gage Park.
“One visit from Birds in my Neighborhood and these kids are seeing birds everywhere!”
– Ms. Caponigro, Peck Elementary
When the volunteers return for a second visit they will check the students’ research and take them on a bird walk in their schoolyard. In May, as a culmination of the program, volunteers will lead students on a bird walk at a park or forest preserve near their school, such as Jackson Park, Humboldt Park, or Whistler Woods.
If you are interested in getting involved in Birds in my Neighborhood, there is still time. We are always looking for willing adults to help with field trips and to assist this great program that is reaching 1500 students across Chicago.
For more information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or call 312.863.6276. If you are simply looking to spy birds on your own, we highly recommend you plan a visit to Montrose Point.
Sitting just over 15 miles from the heart of the Loop and straddling the Illinois-Indiana border, Wolf Lake is part of a network of recreation areas on Chicago’s south side. Over the years, Openlands has worked to expand the area’s trail system, which connects communities such as Hegewisch, South Deering and Whiting, and we encourage you to discover Wolf Lake for yourself!
The origin of the lake’s name is unknown, but local residents have offered a few theories: some believe that “Wolf” was a Native American chief while others contend that years ago the surrounding area was teeming with wolves. Neither of these claims have been verified, but they still offer an interesting look into the lake’s history.
Wolf Lake also lies in the heart of the Calumet region, a natural area of over 15,000 acres of river systems, parks, trails, rare dune and swale, and savanna. Openlands has focused on empowering community groups and local governments to care for the region’s natural resources. As we promote a regional culture of conservation, Openlands has helped to develop an interconnected network of protected greenways and trails and to restore public access to the region’s natural treasures.
The area around Wolf Lake is home to numerous open spaces, recreational opportunities, and cultural institutions, including two sites managed by the National Park Service. The area is easy to reach no matter where you’re coming from, and there is plenty to enjoy for an entire weekend.
To access the Wolf Lake trail system, we recommend parking either at Eggers Grove or Whiting Park. Eggers Grove can be accessed via the CTA 30 or 100 bus routes. Whiting Park in Indiana is a terrific way to bookmark the day as it sits on the shores of Lake Michigan while offering access to the Wolf Lake trail system. Both Eggers Grove and Whiting Park can be reached via US-Route 41.
What can you do at Wolf Lake?
Biking, walking, and running: Wolf Lake boasts an impressive trail system surrounding the natural area, but be sure to venture across the boardwalk which bisects the lake. The famous Burnham Greenway runs along the western shore, connecting areas like Eggers Grove to William W. Powers State Recreation Area.
Paddling: The Hammond Port Authority facilitates rentals of canoes, kayaks, paddle boats, and paddle boards as well as oars and life vests. You can even try windsurfing!
Enjoy the open space: The trails at Wolf Lake connect a number of open space sites such as Calumet Park to the north end of the trail system to Powderhorn Marsh at the southern end.
Birding and Wildlife Viewing: The wetlands surrounding the lake are home to a variety of bird species such as gray catbirds, yellow-headed blackbirds, yellow warblers, marsh wrens, song sparrows, eastern kingbirds and red-eyed vireos, and it attracts many migratory birds as they pass over Lake Michigan.
Picnicking: Picnic areas are accessible throughout the trail system and surrounding parks, but certainly consider Wolf Lake Memorial Park on the eastern shore for some spectacular views.
Make a day or weekend of it!
Pullman National Monument: Pullman National Monument commemorates the diverse history of the American labor movement and sits in proximity to Wolf Lake. The site was designated as a national monument by President Obama in 2015. (P.S.: NPS typically waives admission fees to national monuments on federal holidays such as Memorial Day and Labor Day.)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore: The National Park Service also manages 15 miles of public lands on the south shore of Lake Michigan. Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore offers opportunities to hit the beach, explore unique wetlands, hone your bird-watching skills and enjoy 50 miles of trails.
Pavilion at Wolf Lake Memorial Park: Sitting on the shores of Wolf Lake, the Pavilion is one of northwest Indiana’s best outdoor venues for concerts, films, and festivals, regularly hosting events in the summer months.
Big Marsh, Hegewisch Marsh and Beaubien Woods: These three sites offer excellent opportunities to get outside in the Chicago area as well. Big Marsh is home to the new mountain bike park – the only such park in the Chicago region. Hegewisch Marsh is part of the Calumet Open Space Reserve and one of the best birding spots nearby. Finally, Beaubien Woods is managed by the Forest Preserves of Cook County and offers paddling access to the Calumet River.
Discover! Learn about the different ecosystems found in the Wolf Lake area, enjoy the miles of trails and the day watching the sunset color the skies over Lake Michigan. If you’re a photographer or just an avid Instagramer, bring your camera or phone and share what you find at Wolf Lake! Tag your Instagram posts with #DiscoverYourPlace to be featured on our stream and please share with us the highlights from your adventure.
Daniella Pereira, Openlands’ Director of Regional Forestry, has been accepted into the 2017 class of the Civic Leadership Academy at the University of Chicago. Pereira’s acceptance into the program serves as recognition of her expertise in forestry and her substantial work to connect residents of Chicago to their urban forest. Through education and engagement, Pereira hopes to raise greater awareness of the conservation issues that face our region.
“My personal goal is to connect more urban people to appreciating and stewarding green spaces in their communities,” says Pereira. “Unless a child is introduced to nature when they are young, it is difficult to appreciate nature, let alone advocate for it.”
Having joined Openlands in 2013, Daniella oversees the sustainable expansion of our Forestry programs, creates and strengthens strategic partnerships, collaborates on urban forestry policy both locally and with the State’s Urban Forestry Committee, and leads Openlands’ role in the Chicago Region Trees Initiative.
The Civic Leadership Academy is an interdisciplinary leadership development program for emerging and high-potential leaders in nonprofit organizations and local government agencies within the City of Chicago and Cook County. The highly selective program, which accepted only 30 of 150 applicants in 2017, is designed to develop a pipeline of talented leaders to help nonprofits and government agencies thrive. Pereira’s involvement with the program will examine the best ways to engage local leaders with residents and how to best leverage the city’s resources in care of the urban forest.
“If people find value in being outside, they will be open to stewarding green space as part of their civic duty,” adds Pereira. “The conduit that I would like to make is giving missed outdoor opportunities to adults by creating positive environmental policy that stimulates good-paying, green jobs and training. Investing in people can connect them to valuing nature.”
Sitting quietly on the shores of Lake Michigan, Montrose Point Bird Sanctuary – the Magic Hedge – is home to a vast array of bird species. As of January, 2017 over 320 species of birds have been identified at Montrose Point. Illinois Birders Exchanging Thoughts recently voted the sanctuary as the best place for birding in Illinois, and one could argue that this is one of the top birding locations in the entire Great Lakes region.
Situated along the border of the Mississippi and Atlantic Flyway, the Great Lakes region is immensely important for migratory birds. Forests, grasslands, wetlands, and open water provide stopover points for these birds during their semi-annual journeys that, for some species, span across continents. There are many of these stop-over points within Chicago’s city limits – Jackson Park, Humboldt Park, Lake Calumet and Labagh Woods are especially active during spring and fall migration – but Montrose Point is one that stands above the rest.
A bird sanctuary that jets out into Lake Michigan serves is a funnel for birds as they travel over Lake Michigan, looking for green space that is somewhat sparse in our area. Bird lovers were the ones who gave Montrose Point the Magic Hedge nickname and for good reason. This sanctuary truly is a gem and worth discovering for yourself.
Here are just a few of the many bird species Openlanders have seen at Magic Hedge:
A Baltimore oriole
An American redstart
A Wilson’s warbler
A redwinged blackbird
Montrose Point Bird Sanctuary is located at 4400 N Simonds Drive in Chicago’s Uptown neighborhood. Visitors can use the Wilson Ave or Montrose Ave exits from Lakeshore Drive, and it is accessible from the Wilson stop on the CTA Red or Purple Lines.
What can you do at Montrose Point Bird Sanctuary?
Birding: obviously. Birds venture to the Magic Hedge year-round and if you are interested, you can contribute to a community bird count. Be sure to bring a camera or binoculars because you won’t want to miss the colors! Spring is an excellent time to visit for birding.
Biking, running, and trails: Montrose Point sits on the Lakefront Trail, offering easy access for recreation. Intrepid bikers might consider the 9-mile trip south to Northerly Island – another excellent birding location in Chicago.
Montrose Beach: the Magic Hedge is adjacent to Montrose Beach, which operated by the Chicago Park District. If you want to make a day of your trip to the lakefront, pack a lunch and enjoy the beach. Beach season will run from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day weekend in 2017.
Golfing: the Chicago Park District maintains the nearby Sydney R. Marovitz Golf Course, which sits directly on the lakefront and is open to the public year-round. It is also an Audubon International certified bird sanctuary.
Volunteer: Openlands’ Birds in my Neighborhood® program brings students from Chicago Public Schools to the Magic Hedge, and we need passionate nature-lovers to assist with field trips and share these experiences!
Discover! Visit the Magic Hedge and see which birds you can spy. If you’re a photographer or just an avid Instagramer, bring your camera or phone and show the world the mosaic of purples, yellows and blues! Tag your Instagram posts with #DiscoverYourPlace to be featured on our stream and please share with us the highlights from your adventure.
Founded in 1963, Openlands protects the natural and open spaces of northeastern Illinois and the surrounding region to ensure cleaner air and water, protect natural habitats and wildlife, and help balance and enrich our lives.